Systemic antimicrobials adjuvant to periodontal therapy in diabetic subjects: A meta-analysis.
Adjuvant antibiotics have been suggested to improve periodontal therapy in diabetic subjects.
To systematically review randomized clinical trials assessing systemic antimicrobial use adjuvant to scaling and root planing (SRP) vs. SRP alone in diabetic subjects.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
The PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, TRIP, Web of Science, and LILACS databases and the gray literature were searched through May 2015. Of 2,534 potentially eligible studies, 13 were included in the systematic review. Weighted mean differences (WMDs) in probing depth (PD) reduction and clinical attachment level (CAL) gain (primary outcomes), and plaque index (PI) and bleeding on probing (BOP) reductions, were estimated using a random effect model.
The WMD in PD reduction [-0.15 mm, n = 11, P = 0.001, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.24, -0.06] favoured antibiotic use. WMDs in CAL gain, PI, and BOP reductions (-0.14 mm, n = 9, P = 0.11, 95% CI -0.32, 0.03; 4.01%, n = 7, P = 0.05, 95% CI -0.04, 8.07; and -1.91%, n = 7, P = 0.39, 95% CI -6.32, 2.51, respectively) did not favour adjunctive antibiotic use.
Adjunctive therapy may improve the efficacy of SRP in reducing PD in diabetic subjects.